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    This sheet is to help you practice the sounds of the blue STEPS cards with your child.  Students must be able to recite the sounds and rules that are in bold print on this page. The words give you examples of how each sound is used.

     

    Blue STEPS Cards (one letter phoneme)

    Letter  /sound/word example for better pronunciation

    a          /a/-mat  /A/paper  /ah/zebra

     

    b          /b/ball

     

    c          /k/cap  /s/cent

     

    d          /d/desk

     

    e          /e/neck  /E/he

     

    f           /f/fun

     

    g          /g/get  /j/giant

     

    h          /h/help

     

    i           /i/ill  /I/title

     

    j           /j/jump

     

    k          /k/kite

     

    l           /l/lost

     

    m         /m/man

     

    n          /n/nap

     

    o          /o/hot  /O/no  /oo/do

     

    p          /p/pat

     

    qu        /kw/ Q is always followed by U quiet

     

    r           /r/read

     

    s          /s/sand  /z/wise

     

    t           /t/test

     

    u          /u/sun  /U/human  /oo/put

     

    v          /v/vowel

     

    w         /w/wait

     

    x          /ks/wax

     

    y          /y/yes  /i/gym  /I/ try

     

    z          /z/ zoo

    Green STEPS Cards (two letter phonemes)

     

    sh         /sh/ used at the beginning of a word, at the end of a syllable, BUT not at the beginning of any syllable after the first one, except for the ending -shipshut, dish

     

    ee         /E/ double E always says /E/  see

     

    th         /th/thing (unvoiced, motor off)  /th/ that (voiced, motor on)

     

    ay        /A/ two letter A, that we MAY use at the end of English wordsplay

     

    ai         /A/ two letter A, that we MAY NOT use at the end of English wordsrain

     

    ow        /ow/cow  /O/mow

     

    ou        /ow/noun  /O/four  /OO/soup  /u/young      

     

    aw        /aw/ that we MAY use at the end of English wordsdraw

     

    au         /aw/ that we MAY NOT use at the end of English wordssauce

     

    oy        /oy/ that we MAY use at the end of English wordsboy

     

    oi         /oi/ that we MAY NOT use at the end of English wordsboil

     

    ew        /OO/blew  /U/ that we May use at the end of English wordsstew

     

    ui         /OO/fruit /U/ that we MAY NOT use at the end of English wordsjuice

     

    ar         /ar/far

     

    ch        /ch/lunch  /k/school  /sh/chef

     

    ng        /ng/king

     

    ea         /E/clean  /e/bread  /A/great

     

    oo        /OO/food  /oo/book  /O/ door

     

    ck        /k/ two letter /k/ used only after a single vowel that says /a/-/e/-/i/-/o/-/u/  sack, deck, sick, lock, luck

     

    ed         /ed/landed  /d/pulled  /t/ picked

     

    or         /or/corn

     

    wh        /wh/while (hold up finger and pretend to blow out a candle)

     

    oe        /O/ that we MAY use at the end of English wordsdoe

     

    oa        /O/ that we MAY NOT use at the end of English wordsoak

    PINK STEPS cards

     

    Winterhurts birds’ worm search.

     

    er     /er/ the /er/ of winter

     

    ur    /er/ the /er/ of hurts

     

    ir    /er/ the /er/ of birds’

     

    wor    /er/ the /er/ of worm

     

    ear    /er/ the /er/ of search

    YELLOW STEPS cards

     

    ey     /a/they /e/key /i/valley,that we may use at the end of English words

     

    ei     /a/thei/e/receipt /i/forfeit,that we may not use at the end of English words

     

    eigh    /a/ four letter /a/  (eight)

     

    igh      /i/ three letter /i/  (night)

     

    ie      /e/chief /i/ pie/i/ laddie

     

    kn    /n/ two letter /n/ used only at the beginning of a base word(knot)

     

    gn   /n/ two letter /n/ used at the beginning of end of a base word(gnat, sign)

     

    wr    /r/ two letter /r/ used only at the beginning of a base word(wring)

     

    dge   /j/ three letter /j/ used after a single vowel that says /a-e-i-o-u/(badge, edge, ridge, dodge, fudge)

     

    ph    /f/ two letter /f/(graph)

     

    tch  /ch/ three letter /ch/ may be used after a single vowel that says /a-e-i-o-u/ (catch, sketch, stitch, notch, crutch)

     

    ti      /sh/ tall letter /sh/ used at the beginning of any syllable after the firstone (action)

     

    ci   /sh/ short letter /sh/ used at the beginning of any syllable after the first one

     

    si    /sh/mansion - /zh/explosion,used at the beginning of any syllable after the first one

     

    ough  /o/though- /oo/ through, /uff/rough-  /off/cough, /aw/sought - /ow/ bough

    WHITE STEPS cards

    eu    /u/ the /u/ of Europe

    sc     /s/ two letter /s/science

    gu    /g/guess - /gw/language

     

    our    /er/ the foreign /er/journal

     

    augh    /aw/caught- /af/laugh

     

    qu    /k/ French /k/oblique

     

    x    /gz/except

     

    rh    /r/ the /r/ of rhyme